Noon: The U.S. is a global energy superpower
For years, American energy policy was dictated by expected scarcity. But that all changed when the techniques of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing were successfully combined — allowing previously unrecoverable oil and natural gas to be extracted — unleashing the new era of American energy abundance. When the oil export ban was lifted on Dec. 18, it represented the first big energy policy shift in decades.
Despite predictions that, given how flooded the global crude markets were, lifting the oil export ban wasn’t likely to translate into any immediate exports, the first shipments of U.S. crude oil in more than 40 years have already left our shores heading to Europe. On New Year’s Eve, a tanker — the Theo T — pulled out of Corpus Christi, Texas, with roughly 400,000 barrels of crude supplied by ConocoPhillips from the Eagle Ford Shale. Saturday morning, Jan. 9, the second tanker, the Angelica Schulte, left the Houston ship channel after Enterprise Products Partners loaded it with 600,000 barrels of light crude oil.
As early as next week, the first ever tanker of liquefied natural gas, or LNG, from the lower 48 states could head out filled with U.S. shale gas. (LNG exports have not been restricted by law or regulation. However, a decade ago, it was predicted that the U.S. would be importing 25 percent of our natural gas. LNG import terminals were built. Now, because the U.S. shale boom displaced the need for LNG imports, those terminals are being converted to export LNG that can now flow to our friends in Europe.)
The Energy Atlantic LNG tanker is expected at Cheniere Energy’s Sabine Pass terminal in southwest Louisiana on January 12. The terminal — once called “America’s most unlikely energy project” — is one of “the largest industrial energy facilities under construction in North America.” Costing more than $20 billion over more than a decade, Sabine Pass is the first of its kind to be built in the U.S. in nearly 50 years.
The natural gas is currently being liquefied — meaning it is super-cooled and compressed to 1/600th of its volume. The super-dense liquid weighs 3.5 pounds a gallon and will be loaded onto tankers and sold to customers worldwide.
Once operational, Bloomberg reports, about 700 million cubic feet of natural gas will begin arriving each day, from all over the country. The Sabine Pass facility is “the end of America’s natural gas pipeline network.”
January’s milestone shipments of both oil and LNG are just the start. Most believe that oil will need to be over $50 a barrel for exporting to make widespread economic sense. The planned January LNG shipment is a test cargo. Commercial operations are expected later this year. Regardless, January 2016 is a tipping point — the month that the U.S. became a global energy super power. Both can be, as RealClearEnergy’s Bill Murray says, “leveraged diplomatically with friends and foes overseas and used to dramatically improve the country’s chronic balance of payments deficit.”
U.S. oil and natural gas entering the global market changes the energy landscape, allowing us to help our allies with reliable supplies, help balance our trade deficit, and will give U.S. companies a wider playing field.
Murray points out: “By acquiescing to the ban’s lifting, congressional Democrats — and President Obama — implicitly admitted that conventional economic views on oil and gas supplies were wrong. Domestic supplies weren’t in inexorable decline.” Instead of running out of oil and natural gas we are now an energy superpower showing the world, as energy analyst Kent Moors said: “what can be accomplished with private property and profit incentive, with a fair amount of entrepreneurial skill for good measure.”
The author of Energy Freedom, Marita Noon serves as the executive director for Energy Makes America Great Inc., and the companion educational organization, the Citizens’ Alliance for Responsible Energy.