What we know about President Donald Trump's coming immigration orders
Multiple reports on Tuesday night indicated President Donald Trump will sign executive orders this week on various aspects of immigration enforcement and border security. We'll have to wait for all the details, but here's what we know so far.
The wall and sanctuary cities
Trump apparently is set to sign executive orders on Wednesday related to his proposed U.S.-Mexico border wall — his signature campaign promise that he repeatedly vowed to force Mexico to finance — as well as so-called sanctuary cities and other immigration-enforcement priorities.
The Associated Press quoted two administration sources in its report, which also said action to block incoming refugees would come later this week.
In a story it labeled "exclusive," Reuters reported Trump is aiming to "temporarily restrict access to the United States" for refugees from Syria, Libya, Iran, Iraq, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen.
The Washington Post reported Trump's "multi-day rollout of his long-promised crackdown on illegal immigration" will also target communities that have adopted "sanctuary" policies refusing to cooperate with federal immigration authorities.
Can Trump build wall with executive authority?
Trump was vague in an announcement tweet at 7:37 p.m. Arizona time, but made it clear the wall is coming: "Big day planned on NATIONAL SECURITY tomorrow. Among many other things, we will build the wall!"
Trump probably cannot unilaterally construct a massive wall along the Southwestern border, but he can take steps to initiate the project using executive orders. To complete such a project, he almost certainly will need help from Congress.
Former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani, a Trump ally, last year suggested Trump could build the wall via executive order by "re-programming money" already appropriated for immigration and border-security purposes.
The New York Times reported late Tuesday that this is the approach Trump is expected to take.
Congress has authorized border fencing that was never built.
Focus: Undocumented immigrants who commit crimes
Twitter chatter indicates Trump will host relatives of victims of crimes committed by undocumented immigrants.
Trump had said during last year's campaign that he will make deporting such criminals a priority.
A Washington Post reporter tweeted that several "Angel Moms" — victims' mothers who campaigned with Trump last year — were in Washington on Tuesday.
Two high-profile Arizona cases involving crimes committed by undocumented immigrants resonated with Trump, who frequently highlighted the incidents on the campaign trail.
Two victims' relatives who frequently stumped for Trump at his campaign rallies could be among those who appear with him at the White House on Wednesday.
Mary Ann Mendoza's son, Mesa police Sgt. Brandon Mendoza, 32, was killed in a 2014 head-on collision near the U.S. 60 interchange, a crash that was caused by an undocumented immigrant who had been driving the wrong way on three Phoenix-area freeways.
In July 2014, Mary Ann Mendoza wrote a letter to then-President Barack Obama expressing anger that Raul Silva-Corona, the wrong-way driver who killed her son, had been in the country illegally and had not been deported two decades earlier when he was convicted for crimes in Colorado. Police records showed Silva-Corona's blood-alcohol content was 0.24 percent on the night of the crash in May 2014.
"I am furious that the Federal Government allowed this criminal to stay in this country and KILL my son!" she wrote in her letter to Obama.
Mendoza spoke in support of Trump at the 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland.
Grant Ronnebeck, 21, was shot and killed in January 2015 while working as a clerk at a convenience store.
Mike Ronnebeck, the victim's uncle, tweeted Tuesday that Mary Ann Mendoza and Steve Ronnebeck, the victim's father, had been invited to the White House on Wednesday, a development he interpreted as meaning "Something is getting signed!"
Apolinar Altamirano, the man charged with gunning down Grant Ronnebeck at a QuikTrip store in Mesa in January 2015, was an undocumented immigrant, who court records showed had been in the U.S. since he was 14.
Altamirano is accused of shooting Ronnebeck, the assistant store manager, over a pack of cigarettes.
The killing sparked outrage because Altamirano previously had been held in Immigration and Customs Enforcement custody in 2013 but had been released after just four days after posting a $10,000 bond. Critics said he never should have been released considering he had been turned over to ICE after pleading guilty to a felony burglary charge stemming from accusations that he had kidnapped and assaulted a woman at gunpoint.
At the time of the killing, he had been free for two years pending the outcome of his deportation case.
The killing prompted then-U.S. Rep. Matt Salmon, R-Ariz., to introduce legislation in the House to hold immigrants convicted of serious crimes in ICE custody until they can be quickly deported.
U.S. Rep. Andy Biggs, R-Ariz., who took over the congressional seat after Salmon retired, reintroduced “Grant’s Law” earlier this month.
Sanctuary cities in Arizona?
There is only one Arizona city, South Tucson, that is considered to have a sanctuary city policy, according to Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
In November, Phoenix Mayor Greg Stanton vowed not to let the Phoenix Police Department cooperate with federal immigration authorities if Trump's administration launches an all-out deportation effort.
"The Phoenix Police Department will never turn into a mass deportation force, even if the new government in Washington, D.C., threatens to revoke federal dollars. This is something worth fighting for, and we will not be bullied into taking backward steps on civil rights," Stanton wrote.
Lawmakers fear Trump could use the information Dreamers provide on their DACA applications to deport them. Video provided by Newsy
How would Syrian refugee order affect Arizona?
The Phoenix area is considered one of the most welcoming cities in the nation for refugee resettlement, in part due to the relatively low cost of living and availability of jobs. There are several refugee-resettlement agencies in Phoenix that work with a network of churches, faith communities and other organizations to help refugees find housing, jobs, learn English, and get access to social services.
In 2016, a total of 4,833 refugees were resettled in Arizona, according to the state Refugee Resettlement Program. Of those, 715 were from Syria.
The highest number, 1,159, came from the Democratic Republic of Congo, followed by 738 refugees from Cuba.
So far in 2017, Arizona has received 946 refugees, including 115 Syrians, 379 from Congo, 96 from Somalia, and 82 from Cuba, according to the state Refugee Resettlement Program.
During fiscal year 2016, from Oct. 1, 2015, to Sept. 30, 2016, Arizona resettled more refugees than all but three states — California, Michigan and Texas.