Federal spending bill includes buffer zone around Chaco Culture National Historical Park

Hannah Grover
Farmington Daily Times

FARMINGTON — The fiscal year 2020 federal spending package will prevent any oil and gas leasing activities on federal lands within 10 miles of Chaco Culture National Historical Park.

The spending package, which includes a dozen bills, passed the U.S. Senate last week and was signed by President Donald Trump. The buffer zone is included in the Interior, Environment and Related Agencies appropriations bill.

It states that no federal funds can be used to accept a nomination for oil and gas leasing within the 10-mile buffer zone until a cultural resources investigation is completed.

Proponents of the 10-mile buffer zone lauded the measure as protecting the sacred site from oil and gas drilling.

At center, U.S. Sen. Martin Heinrich, D-NM, tells park superintendent Denise Roberts and Interior Secretary David Bernhardt about his experience with masonry, Tuesday, May 28, 2019, during a tour of Pueblo Bonito at Chaco Culture National Historical Park.

“The appropriations bill ensures that there will be no more leasing on federal lands within ten miles of the park, pending needed studies and consultation with tribal communities,” said archaeologist Paul Reed in a statement. “The ten-mile zone around the park is particularly important, as it includes more than a dozen Chacoan great house communities, ancient roads and thousands of other significant cultural resources.”

MORE:David Bernhardt visits Chaco Canyon amid oil, gas development debate

The inclusion of the buffer zone in the federal spending package comes after members of New Mexico’s delegation including Sen. Martin Heinrich, Rep. Ben Ray Lujan and Rep. Deb Haaland visited the site and surrounding areas earlier this year. Heinrich visited the park with Interior Secretary David Bernhardt.

Pueblo Bonito is pictured, Sunday, April 14, 2019, at Chaco Culture National Historical Park.

These visits led to Bernhardt deferring future leases in the buffer zone for one year while the Bureau of Land Management’s Farmington Field Office works on its amendment to the 2003 resource management plan.

MORE:David Bernhardt's visit to Chaco Canyon led to oil, gas leases being deferred

Gold King Mine, tribal safety also in bill

In addition to the Chaco buffer zone, the bill also includes $4 million for continued water quality monitoring in areas impacted by the Gold King Mine spill.

The bill also allocates $8 million in new funding for tribal law enforcement, including funding intended to address missing and murdered indigenous women and children. It calls for the Bureau of Indian Affairs to complete a needs assessment of public safety infrastructure in Native American communities.

Support local journalism with a digital subscription: http://bit.ly/2I6TU0e

U.S. Rep. Deb Haaland, D-NM, sits at an overlook, Sunday, April 14, 2019, at Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Culture National Historical Park.

Sen. Tom Udall, D-NM, described it as a bipartisan Interior funding bill that makes major investments in public lands and environmental protection.

“This bill recognizes that people all across this nation cherish clean air, clean water, our public lands and outdoor places, and the economic and cultural value these places provide to our communities,” he said in a statement.

Udall said he is particularly glad to have the Chaco buffer zone included in the bill, which he said is an important step forward in partnering with tribes to safeguard the sacred site.

Hannah Grover covers government for The Daily Times. She can be reached at 505-564-4652 or via email at hgrover@daily-times.com.